The causes and responses to conflict in horn of Africa: a case of Mai Mahiu in Kenya, 2005-2009
The study examined the root causes and what actually have been fuelling conflicts in Mai Mahiu area, Nakuru district, in the period between 2005 and 2009. The study made an attempt to establish the main causes of conflict in Mai Mahiu. The study made use of extensive interviews with Mai Mahiu residents, government officers, Non Governmental officers, church leaders, village elders, youth leaders, politicians and academicians and reviewed vast literature on the subject of study. The study established that, the dispute over land ownership was the most significant cause of the conflict between the two major communities. This was followed by conflict over water, incitement by local politicians, baseless and malicious rumours and tribal hatred. The other causes were misconception made by the government and marginalization of the local communities. However, due to differences in priorities in the two conflicting communities, the Kikuyu felt that land ownership was the leading cause of conflict while the Maasai pointed out water as the most biggest issue in the Mai Mahiu conflict.