Managing Civil Wars in Africa: a case study of the Somali Conflict mediation 2002-2004
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The effectiveness of mediation as a technique in managing civil wars has gained increasing attention in today's international arena. Nonetheless, the outcome of mediation whether successful or failed- is dependant on a number of present or created conditions. Using the IGAD-Ied Somalia National Reconciliation Conference (SNRC) as a case study, this study aimed at identifying the determinants of successful and failed mediation outcome. This study targeted 30 individuals involved in the SNRC in various capacities. The empirical result of the study confirmed a positive correlation between successful mediation outcome and a 'ripe' moment for initiating mediation, mediator leverage and mediation strategy that is suitable to the context of the conflict. This study also emphasized the need for further research on determinants of successful implementation of peace agreements.