Overstraining of flush plain cross-bored cylinders
Kihiu, J M
Rading, G O
Mutuli, S M
MetadataShow full item record
A three-dimensional finite element method computer program was developed to establish the elastic-plastic, residual and service stress distributions in thick-walled cylinders with flush and non-protruding plain cross bores under internal pressure. The displacement formulation and eight-noded brick isoparametric elements were used. The incremental theory of plasticity with a 5 per cent yield condition (an element is assumed to have yielded when the effective stress is within 5 per cent of the material yield stress) and von Mises yield criterion were assumed. The frontal solution technique was used. The incipient yield pressure and the pressure resulting in a 0.3 per cent overstrain ratio were established for various cylinder thickness ratios and cross bore-main bore radius ratios. For a thickness ratio of 2.25 and a cross bore-main bore radius ratio of 0.1, the stresses were determined for varying overstrain and an optimum overstrain ratio of 37 per cent was established. To find the accuracy of the results, the more stringent yield condition of 0.5 per cent was also considered. The benefits of autofrettage were presented and alternative autofrettage and yield condition procedures proposed.