Determinants of container dwell time: the case study of Mombasa Port
The purpose of the research was to study container dwell time, which is a major determinant of Mombasa port efficiency. The research, evaluate the determinants of dwell time and identify both the problem areas, potential corrective actions and the impact of different clearing processes/stakeholders in the dwell time and whether they affect each other. It also examined and addressed which process present the most immediate obstacles to the excessive dwell time. Lastly it finds out the possible corrective actions and recommendations, which will lead to the realization of the best practice in the port. The sampling procedure used is systematic sampling teclmique. Primary data was collected by use of self-administered questionnaire. The data was then analyzed using descriptive technique, regression model and appropriate tests were conducted with the aid of STAT A programme. The results from Ordinary Least Square estimates revealed that, the independent variables show a positive relation with the dwell time. Most of the dwell time delays were during lodging to passing but the terminal stage (T 4) and terminal to gate release stage (T 5) had the most influence on dwell time. Here the main players who should improve their performance level are the clearing agents, KRA and especially transporters since they are responsible from terminal to gate release.