EFFECTIVENESS OF AMODIAQUINE AS TREATMENT FOR CHLOROQUINE-RESISTANT PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM INFECTIONS IN KENYA
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Studies were conducted in Malindi, Kenya, to assess the response of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine and amodiaquine in vivo (by an extended 14-day test) and in vitro (with the Rieckmann micro test). In-vivo resistance was demonstrated in 19 of 69 (28%) infections treated with chloroquine, but in only 2 of 60 (3·3%) of those treated with amodiaquine (p<0·001). In-vitro resistance to chloroquine was demonstrated in 15 of 23 (65%) tests. In contrast, 22 of the same 23 isolates were sensitive to amodiaquine in vitro. Effective concentrations by probit analysis for 50% and 99% (EC50 and EC99) inhibition, respectively, were 180·7 and 4319·6 nmol/l for chloroquine and 12·2 and 147·0 nmol/l for amodiaquine. The results suggest that amodiaquine is effective for the treatment of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria in Kenya.