Media and Conflict: a comparative analysis of media coverage of Turbi massacre (May-September 2005) and Mt. Elgon clashes( July-November 2007)
Galgalo, Rashid A
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This study seeks to conduct an investigation into how the Kenyan Media covered the Turbi Massacre conflict in Northern Kenya with a view of highlighting the poor coverage and lack of Agenda setting. The study also tries to compare and contrast how the media covered the conflict in Marsabit (Turbi Massacre) and the Mt.Elgon clashes in Western Kenya. The Study also aimed at establishing whether the attention given the conflict in Marsabit was with a view of bringing about resolution of the conflict or simply giving it shallow coverage. The Study unearthed a lot of discrepancies and double standards applied to conflict coverage in Marsabit as opposed to the overwhelming coverage and prominence given to the Mt, Elgon clashes to the point of addressing and facilitating post conflict documentaries aimed at conflict resolution. The Turbi Massacre in Marsabit had been simmering for months and despite desperate attempts by local leaders and NOOs at quelling the differences within the communities; the media never gave the issue sufficient attention. Even after the dreadful attacks, the media did not attempt to monitor peaceful resolution of the conflict. To achieve its objectives, the Study employed content analysis methodology in which various parameters were used to investigate the level of coverage and its significance to conflict resolution in Marsabit. Through this procedure, a lot of short comings from the local media in particular the print media is observed in terms of impartial and unfair coverage during the Turbi Massacre of July 12th 2005. In the final chapter, several recommendations have been forwarded to try and improve the conflict portrayal in northern Kenya generally, from a positive and non discriminatory angle.