Post conflict healing and reconciliation processes in Africa: the case of Kenya
Gachoya, Anne Waithira
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This study seeks to examine the extent to which National Accord and Reconciliation Act has been implemented to restore peace and stability in the country. It also attempts to establish the progress of National Healing and Reconciliation Processes in Kenya. In chapter one, an attempt has been made to justify the study both as a policy guide and in terms of its contribution to scholars. It is useful not only to African policy makers but also to the international community. The review of the literature which has been done in the same chapter has further emphasized the need to establish the root causes of conflicts to address the humanitarian needs and crisis for achievement of sustainable peace and stability. In terms of its methodology, the study has relied largely on secondary data and qualitative analysis of the data. Chapter two gives the historical background of post conflict healing and reconciliation processes in Africa. This background has been given in the belief that it provides a good precedence for the subsequent healing and reconciliation processes. Chapter three relates to Kenyan experiences in post- conflict healing and reconciliation processes. It gives an account of the root causes of conflicts in Kenya and government initiatives in facilitating peace and stability. Chapter four is the main chapter of the project and analyze the extent to which the Government is committed to of the implementation of the National Dialogue and Reconciliation Act and specifically agenda 2 of the National Peace Accord. It also gives analysis of actions taken to address. the humanitarian crisis, resettlement programmes of lOPs, nature of humanitarian assistance, strategies to facilitate healing and reconciliation processes and challenges faced in the implementation of agenda 2 of the National Peace Accord. Chapter five gives summary, conclusions and some policy guidelines. The conclusion point out that humanitarian crisis is far from being addressed and that violence may recur in future elections. The policy recommendation are designed to reflect the policy relevance of the study as contained in chapter one.