The impact of Somalia conflict on Kenya's Security and Developement (1991-2008)
Mengich, Francis Kibet
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Somalia's long civil conflict and lack of central governing institutions has presented many challenges to Kenya which have had a direct effect on Kenya's development and security. Kenya which shares an expansive and loosely policed boarder with Somalia has suffered immensely due to the instability in Somali and in particular the flow of Small Arms and Light Weapons from the war-torn country. The Somalia conflict has increased the flow of weapons in Kenya and presented the country with the most pressing security challenge. Kenya which is a major host country for Somalia refugees has also been raising security issues since the influx of refugees in 1991. The rise of small arms in the country is attributed to . influx of refugees who are former combatants. Kenya is also paying the price for the presence of Islamic radicals in Somalia. Lawlessness in Somalia has enabled Islamic extremists to plot several monstrous attacks in the country. This .studv therefore seeks an understanding of the Somalia conflict by examining. its causes and dynamics. Looking back at Somalia's history will . facilitate understanding of the current complex crisis in the country and thus its effects on Kenya. The study will illustrate some of the most remarkable . historical events that contributed to the Somalia conflict and subsequently predpitated the collapse of the Somalia state and its effects on Kenya's security and development. The study seeks to illustrate the relationship of the collapsed Somalia state with the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in Kenya, insecurity attributed to influx of refugees from Somalia, reduction in the cruise industry due to insecurity in Somalia. It also seeks to examine how terrorism and piracy in SomaLia has negatively impacted on Kenya's economic development. The internationalization theory of conflicts and conflict systems is utilized in the. analysis of the research material. The division of the Somalia state by internationaL borders has greatly influenced the internal conflict and its internationalization hence affecting the whole of the Horn of Africa. We find that the. conflict in Somali is both intra-state and interstate in nature. The issues covered in this paper revolve around security concern and the analysis will be pegged around the cause and effects of the same. A stable Somalia wilt not only create the right environment for Kenya to . develop,but wiLL stabilize the whole of the Horn of Africa region. To achieve this goal, Kenya must play a major role in rebuilding a peaceful neighbouring country, which is in control of its destiny and welfare.