Subcellular degeneration of mycetomal endocytobionts in tsetse,Glossina morsitans morsitans, inoculated twice withEscherichia coli
Specimens of mycetome, a portion of anterior midgut harboring intracellular bacterioids (endocytobionts), obtained from both untreated control female tsetse,Glossina morsitans morsitans, and those inoculated twice with strain D31 ofEscherichia coli, were processed for routine electron microscopy, and the endocytobionts were examined for structural alterations. In the controls, mycetocytes contained intact bacterioids with numerous, electron-dense ribosomal particles in the cytoplasm. FemaleG. m. morsitans subjected to two hemocoelic inoculations with the liveE. coli showed severe degeneration of the subcellular components of the endocytobionts characterized by advanced lysis and rarefaction. The observed endocytobiotic degeneration is attributed to effects of induced humoral antibacterial factors.