An analysis of french economic aid to Kenya, 1992-2007
This study investigates French Economic aid to Kenya. This analysis is conducted through a review of policies towards foreign aid flows in Africa and more especially in Kenya. Also European Aid in Africa is summarized to facilitate the understanding of the dynamics of French aid since France is the largest donor of the EU with 7.3 billion dollars in 2004. An appraisal of the effectiveness of the aid is provided as well as ideas on how foreign aid should be given in order for it to lead to sustainable development. This study investigates why foreign aid exists, and why the EU is so much involved in aid flows, and finally what make France help Kenya. Those questions are at the core ofthis study which analyzes consequences of foreign aid and alternatives to it. This study uses both primary and secondary data. The latter is useful in order to develop the thesis on solid background information from scholars who are experts in the area of foreign aid. Web sites of international organizations for data and policies such as the OEeD were consulted; also EU websites and numerous treaties, conventions and agreements. Primary data through interviews and discussions with 15-20 persons relevant to this research are helping to make theories and policies alive with visits on the ground. Visits to funded sites confirmed that foreign aid can work if it is wisely targeted to benefit donors and recipients rather than donors only. Theories of foreign aid have been largely studied and reviewed by scholars from various fields. They tend to conclude for the most part that foreign aid does not work as it should since poverty is rampant still. This present study follows historical facts along aid policies and reaches similar conclusion; foreign aid has not worked well so far. But the case study of French aid to Kenya, interviews of officials and people benefiting from French aid gave some more positive results in the sense that even if the aid has not fully fulfilled peoples' needs, it has helped considerably. Also aid funded projects need to be carefully tracked from the conception to the completion of projects to ensure the right use of the funds. Ultimately, members of the communities will work hand in hand with donor agencies towards meaningful foreign aid leading to a great and sustainable pan-Africanism where the west helps towards development '00\ DOes not impose its views.