Factors influencing sustainability of food for assets (FFA) programmes in Mandera County, Kenya
Sulekha, Abdikadir A
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Food for asset is a project run by the World food programme, in which underprivileged communities are given food in exchange for work done to create sustainable resources. Projects include Irrigation, soil and water conservation. The purpose of FF A programming is to: create the productive assets required to save lives and protect livelihoods; Strengthen traditional and local coping strategies; Develop human capital through skills training and education; and Contribute to the economic empowerment of food insecure communities and households. There is widespread agreement thatfor development assistance to meet its objectives in the long term, it must be sustainable. Sustainability of programmes occurs when communities are able to mange the assets created through FF A by themselves after the donors exist and no more funding. Economic, social, environment and institutional factors are all key elements of the sustainability concept and it is when all these are considered and effectively addressed in the programme that we are likely to achieve sustainable outcomes. The research design of the study was based on a descriptive survey. The study sample size was 375 respondents who included FFA beneficiarie,3 donor and implementing agency personnel and 3 government line ministries. The data was collected using interviews and self administered questionnaires by the researcher and two assistants. Data analysis was based on frequency distributions and percentages Data analysis tool used was the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results were presented using tables. The findings were presented by use of frequency distribution tables. The study findings showed that community participation in FF A programmes was very high and FF A programmes were not integrated in relevant line ministries work plan thus leading to minimum technical support. The communities lacked appropriate technology and market availability for their produce. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended various ways to overcome the challenges and to enhance sustainability. FF A programmes should be linked to overall government policy. Through these linkages, government staff will intimately involve in and know exactly what the projects are doing under this arrangement, sustainability would be more likely as government would be better placed to continue support to the communities after termination of project support. By way of recommendation, the governments need to integrate FF A programmes into the work plan of various line ministries so that they can provide technical support whenever needed and prioritizations of FF A site in provision of Seeds and fertilizers.