Effects of HIV/AIDS on the socio-economic status of people living with HIV/AIDS in Dujis, Garissa District, Kenya
Ahmed, Kore A
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This study sought to establish the effect of HIV/AIDs on socio-economic activities in Dujis Constituency, Garissa District. It was based on three research questions which include; what is the community perception on the causes of HIV/AIDS in Dujis constituency? What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on Agriculture in Dujis constituency? What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Dujis constituency? What is the effect of HIV/AIDS in the business sector in the constituency? What is the role of Government and NGOs in mitigating HIV I AIDs spread in Dujis constituency? The Literature review for the study focused on previous work done by other scholars and researchers on impact of HI VIA IDS on socio-economic activities. It focused on the concept of HIV I AIDs, the global prevalence of HIV/AIDs, the impact of HIV/AIDs on areas like agriculture, education and business. The design for the study was survey. It targeted all people infected and affected by HIV/AIDs estimated at 15,000. Out of this, 100 respondents were randomly sampled. The researcher used questionnaire and document analysis as main tools to collect data. In testing the validity of the instruments that was used, a pilot study was conducted at Sankuri Division Dujis constituency. Pre-testing helped in determining clarity of questions. Pre-testing was also done to enhance reliability of the research instrument. There are many techniques of assessing instruments reliability but in this research, test-retest technique was used. There were three questionnaires used namely, infected, affected and head/counsellor in CBO which were administered in person. The questionnaires were collected immediately they were filled in by the respondents. The questionnaire return rate for the girls was 84.4% for the infected, 80% for the affected and 100% for the CBOs heads/ counsellors. The data was analysed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) programme and results were presented in form of frequency tables, percentages and graphs. The results from open- headed question were presented in descriptive and narrative form. The study found out that the most affected persons were women. Most of the infected in the study were men since women are not allowed to talk to strangers about their status. The study also found out that majority of the infected as well as the infected knew that unsafe sexual contact was the single most cause of HIV I Aids. The study acknowledges the efforts the government has put in place to deal with the HIV/Aids scourage in Dujis constituency. The study recommends that people living in Dujis and Kenyan at large need to change their sexual behaviours in order to deal with HIV/Aids. That through the media health officers, administrators and society should be educated on effects of stigma. The churches and mosques should help in maintaining the moral values. On the economic activities the study found out that the effects were adverse. For instance on Agriculture, livestock was sold due to lack of people to take care of them for the affected families. Also farms were left vacant because the able bodied were too weak due to HIV/Aids or had died as a result. Children dropped out of school due to lack of school fees and stigma. Business were closed, others were sacked from their formal employment due to absenteeism. Other business collapsed due to capital being withdrawn from then to cater for the sick. All in all the study findings are indicating that the socio-economic activities in Dujis constituency had been affected to a great extent.