Determinants of implementation of power saving strategies among employees of Kenya Pipeline Company, Nakuru Region, Kenya
Ngetich, Edwin K
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The study focused on determinants of implementation of power saving strategies where a case study was done in Kenya Pipeline Company Limited, Nakuru region, Kenya. In order for KPC to maintain and operate the pipeline systems it requires a stable and reliable power supply. This inevitably is affected by the levels of energy required by its various operating equipment and demands for energy during the entire operations which places massive inputs of electrical power in all pipeline Stations. The study was set to determine effects of demographic characteristic of employees, technical knowhow of operators/controllers in running the pumps, demand workload on Controllers/Operators in meeting the management targets of throughput volumes of petroleum products, the attitudes of employees towards energy savings and the level of training on power saving strategies having effects on rising electrical power consumption. The findings of the study will be aim at reducing the total electrical energy consumption and bring the energy cost under control, without compromising on the throughput. A qualitative research design was used in the study where the target population comprised of 205 employees of KPC Nakuru region. The sample size was found out be 134 employees. The sample of the study was selected using stratified random sampling method which was used to achieve the desired representation from the categories of Technical and non-Technical staff and respective employees from various stations. Questionnaires were used as data collection instruments. Data collected was then analyzed by aid of SPSS computer software. The results were then presented in tabular summaries. The study revealed that energy is wasted each day due to lack of knowledge and information among employees. As a result employees are not sufficiently informed about energy savings and consequently cannot be pro-active towards power saving strategies. The study recommends that employees can be stimulated to support power savings strategies if they are informed of the amount of energy they are using, the cost involved, critical part energy plays in the continued viability of their job, the relationship between production rate and energy consumption and the seriousness of the energy problem and its potential effects upon our nation's economy in the future.