Factors influencing alcoholism in Tigania West District; Kenya
Alcoholism is one of the major causes of many ills affecting the whole society in Kenya. The , social problems experienced as a result of alcoholism include increased poverty, high crime rate, unhealthy population, family break-ups among others. The study utilised a descriptive research design based on two sampling techniques, convenience and purposive sampling to select representative sample. The sample population for this study was N=331. Data was collected using research assistant administered questionnaires to the alcoholics. The data was presented using frequency distribution tables and percentages. First chapter covers background of the study to clearly show where the gap lies. The study shows trend over the years to prove an alarming increase of alcohol consumption that warrants concern. The chapter entails statement of the problem to capture grey areas in the topic that requires further research to establish truth of the matter. Main objective of the study was to establish how lack of parental guidance, peer pressure and easy availability of alcohol factors contribute to the high rate of alcohol consumption in the district. Chapter two dwells on literature detailing causes of alcoholism as stated by experts in the field of alcoholism. Information contained here is both secondary and primary data as sources are text books, research findings and journals. The section covers conceptual framework that shows relationship of independent and dependent variables. Third part of the research project is research methodology. The study utilized a descriptive research design. Two sampling techniques were used; whereby convenience sampling was adopted to select Tigania West District being the place where researcher resides. Purposive sampling was used to get representative sample of 10% of target population. The sample population of this study is N= 331, which includes 90, 78, 98 and 65 alcoholics from the four divisions in the district. Data was collected using structured questionnaires administered to respondents. In chapter four it covers data representation that includes frequency distribution tables and percentages. There is a table of definition of variables contained in the chapter to operationise the variables. In chapter four collected data is presented in an organised form using frequency tables. Obtained data is analysed using percentages and is consequently interpreted to bring out meaning. Chapter five presents findings of the study and their usefulness in various sectors. In the chapter conclusions were made from the study and recommendations were made as well . Alcohol ingestion even during working hours among respondents threatens existence of the concerned society. Because of the undesired consequences of alcohol dependence, the study recommends strict control of alcohol distribution and consumption by brewers and consumers respectively. In addition the study recommends awareness programmes to educate masses on dangers of alcoholism to fill gap left by many parents.