An assessment of the effectiveness of water purification techniques towards human health in Kimilili-Bungoma District Western Province Kenya
Musoga, Levi M
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One tenth of the global disease burden is preventable by achievable improvements in the way we manage water while eighty eight per cent of cases of diarrhoea worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene. These cases result in 1.5 million deaths each year, most being the deaths of children. Cost effective, resilient and sustainable solutions have proven to alleviate that burden especially to the benefit of the most-affected population - children in developing countries. Water related improvements are crucial to meet the Millennium Development Goals, reduce child mortality, and improve health and nutritional status in a sustainable way. In addition, they induce multiple social and economic benefits, adding importantly to enhanced well-being. This study used cross sectional survey and descriptive survey to describe the sample which is a group of individuals. This study set out to carry out an assessment of the effectiveness of water purification techniques towards human health in Kenya: a case of Kimilili - Bungoma County, such as; boiling drinking water; use of chemicals like chlorine, iodine and Alum; physical purification; proper waste disposal e,g use of latrines and toilets, treatment of sewage before discharge. The study population consisted of 122 respondents comprising 120 homesteads, one (1) NZO WASCO officer and one medical officer from the District hospital Kimilili - Bungoma County. Perceived conceptual framework was used in the study. A questionnaire and an interview schedule were used for data collection and the received data arranged, summarized and analyzed descriptively. It was described using, ratios, tables, frequencies and percentages. The findings of this data are expected to be utilized by the Ministry of Health and sanitation, environmentalists, and water suppliers, the Ministry of Planning and Vision 2030 and policy makers, among others in ensuring effectiveness of methods employed on water to ensure improved health.