Socio-economic factors influencing implementation of rights based international non-governmental organization projects in Kisumu West District, Kenya
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Many international non governmental organizations employ Human Rights Based Approach to development. It has been discussed widely and it seems to have taken root as a concept within development community. However, the question that is emerging now is whether agencies are prepared to face the challenges they encounter in practice. This project report discusses the socio-economic factors that International non governmental organizations that have adopted a rights based approach find themselves faced with from the communities they work with. The study utilized a descriptive study design with quantitative data collection approaches targeting the community and community workers and qualitative approaches of data collection targeting key informants through in depth interviews. Both probability and non probability sampling techniques were employed. A sample size of 400 community members were involved comprising 365 community members, 25 community based organization officials and 10 community leaders. Data analysis entailed the use of statistical package for social sciences for the quantitative data and grounded theory analysis for the qualitative data. The findings of the study was that rights based projects were faced with a myriad of challenges emanating from community's way of life and economic status as well as their governance structures and personal perceptions. Oppressive cultural practices including rei igious practices were cited as one of the major challenges, the leadership in grass root organization was another, misconceptions about universal human rights and prevailing poverty levels were also cited. The study concluded that for a humans rights project to be adequately implemented in the community there was need to search for points of intersection between the so called cultural values and western human rights, there was also need to look into regional dynamics at different stages of socio-economic and political development, poverty-level indicators also needed to be taken into account, and the voices of the communities needed to take a lead in the debates on rights based approach. The study recommended taking the local context into consideration before implementation of projects begin and trying to fit the project into the local community'S context for acceptance, which was grounding rights based project implementation into the local context.