Traditional lyre music of the Luo people of Kenya
The lyre, thum, is the musical instrument par excellence of the Luo people of Kenya. It is played at several ritual and social occasions. This thesis, which is in two parts, is a study of both the music of the lyre, which is also called thurn, and the . - instrument. The first part focuses on the instrument, contextualising it both historically and synchronically. The history of the lyre outlines its relationship to the ancient lyres of the Middle East and the Mediterranean lands. . T:his is followed by a sketch of the stylistic changes-in its music over the last one hundred years. The uses and functions of the music in the society are then examined before describing the manufacture and tuning of the instrument. This part ends with a study of the musiciaq's determination, 't inauguration, and vocational practice of composition and performance of h1~ music, as well as his social status. The second part focuses on the three elements of the music: song text, vocal line, and instrumental accompaniment. The song texts are classified into praise son~and threnodies and analysed with respect to their contents and poetic forms. The vocal lines are analyzed to show their formal, as well as their tonal and rhythmic structure'. The study ends with the analyses of instrumental technique and ostinato accompaniments and a comparison of the characteristic . of these accompaniments to those of the songs they accompany.