The influence of solid waste management practices on socioeconomic lives of residents of Dandora, Nairobi
Vincenzio, Manyah W
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The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of Solid Waste Management practices on the socioeconomic lives of residents of Dandora. The research sought to: - evaluate the influence of SW Collection and Disposal, SW Recycling and SW minimization on the socioeconomic lives of residents of Dandora, Nairobi. A survey design was modeled to enable assessment of the influence of S WM practices on socioeconomic lives of residents through a questionnaire. 121 households were randomly selected and surveyed from the five phases of Dandora based on population proportions. Systematic sampling was used to select the required proportion of respondents in each phase. The study adopted descriptive and correlation data analysis. Mean, frequencies, percentages and Correlation techniques were employed on data collected. Correlations established existing relationships between household socio-economic factors and the effects S\\,M practices. SWM practices had a positive influence on socioeconomic lives of Dandora residents. The total SWM Income (KShs 1,653,799) contributes 82.88 percent of the total household socioeconomic expenditure (KShs 2,006,185) leaving a deficit of 17.56 percent only to be covered by other sources of income. The correlation between total SWM income and total expense revealed a weak positive correlation (r=0.389, at p=0.01) showing a very significant relationship between the two variables. It suggests that the higher the amount of income raised from the SWM practices, the higher the level of contribution of that income towards offsetting household monthly expenditure. These socioeconomic expenses include but not limited to food, education and housing as well as health expenses. The researcher recommends Separation of waste at household level to facilitate easier collection, disposal and recycling of Solid Waste ensuring that participants accrue maximum benefits from the practices. Regular waste collection should be done to avoid creation of mini-dumping sites in the residential areas. Support for research and popularization of the use of appropriate solid waste management methods that are locally available as well as low cost technologies to reduce the cost of handling waste especially recyclable waste should be embraced. Leachate water from the dumping sites is estimated to be one of the causes of pollution of water supplied to households. The researcher recommends provision of a separate cell at the sanitary landfill for the ashes of incinerated hazardous wastes and compo sting of solid waste at household level especially by those farming to generate organic manure for organic farming.