Factors influencing ever use of modern methods of contraception among women in union in Kenya: evidence from 2008-09 KDHS
The main aim of the study was to examine the influence of socio-economic, sociocultural and demographic factors on ever use of modem methods of contraception among women of reproductive age (15-49) in union in Kenya. The source of data for this study was Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS), 2008/09 data set collected by Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) in 400 sampled clusters countrywide (133 urban and 267 rural). The unit of analysis was a woman in union aged 15-49. Bongaart's framework for analyzing fertility was used. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis were used to examine factors influencing ever use of modem methods of contraception. The general findings of the study show that there were positive relationships between all the selected socio-economic factors (region of residence, level of education, type of place of residence and work status), socio-cultural factors (religion, ethnicity and type of marriage and demographic factors (age and child survival) and ever use of modem methods of contraception among women in union in Kenya. Women with secondary and above levels of education are 6.210 times more likely to have ever used modem methods of contraception compared with respondents with no education at all. Furthermore, women in the urban parts of Kenya are 73.1 percent more likely to have ever used modem methods of contraception compared with the respondents in rural Kenya. The study concludes that improving the status of women through education remains a key strategy of increasing utilization of modem contraceptive methods in Kenya. Finally the study makes recommendations for policy makers, donors, civil society and researchers.