The role of NGO's in poverty alleviation in Kenya; comparative case study of Compassion International and Pathfinder International
Thotho, George W
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The state and none state. actors are both equally important in the process of domestic and foreign policy formulation. Narrowing down to challenges like poverty alleviation, the two actors also playa crucial role even though the NGOs in actual sense is supposed to supplement the effort of the state actor. Sometimes this has not been the case with NGOs in some cases executing what in the real sense should be implemented by the government. Despite this NGOs especially during and after Second World War have in the past played key roles in social and economic issues and have well been involved in alleviation of human suffering. A few of them have also been actively involved in policy formulation influence resulting even in giving direction in key legislations. Some of the NGOs have even been trusted in handling crucial funding due to their governance structures, as in some cases donors do not trust the central government in handling of major projects. But with the advancement of globalization and growth in the process of integration, NGOs have not so far done much in connection with looking into ways in which they can jointly work together among themselves in dealing with common goals and objectives. Majority of NGOs programs still seem also to be donor skewed and relief oriented and its apprcaches and strategies have in the past yielded very few fruits. A lot of changes have come up in the process of globalization and integration with a couple of issues emerging like environmental degradation and global food insecurity affecting many development efforts. These emerging issues are calling for states and none state actors including NGOs to re-think their policies and approaches in order to remain relevant to global problems and challenges. With majority of the NGOs taking a passive stance on political governance matters, many are beginning to rise to realization that this is not avoidable as it directly affects their success. Based on the research findings, NGOs are doing commendable work in reducing human suffering in Kenya and other parts of the world but they can be more efficient and effective than they are. There is evidently need for them to look into means of developing strategies that will result in common / joint regional and international efforts towards attaining common goals as it is the case for MDGs. NGOs need also to be more cautious of the issues that are emerging day after day affecting poverty alleviation efforts. Lastly they need to be actively and proactively involved in influencing political governance issues if truly their poverty alleviation efforts are to be more fruitful.