Factors influencing implementation of public -private partnerships in Kenya
Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) are a relatively recent extension in the way public services are provided and involve organisations whose affiliations lie respectively in public and private sectors working together in partnership to provide public services. This study sought to explore factors that influence implementation of PPPs in Kenya. The following were the study objectives: (i) to identify the major factors influencing implementation of PPP projects in Kenya, (ii) to establish the major factors contributing to failure of project implementation in PPPs in Kenya, (iii) to establish the practices that lead to reduction in delay on projects implementation in PPPs. The study adopted an exploratory survey design and active covered 25 PPPs in Kenya. The study identified the following as major f actors influencing implementation of PPPs in Kenya: Clarity of project design, project planning and controlling; project organization and top management support; government involvement, regulation and policy; objective management; stakeholder management; and interface tiW-afds surrounding projects and management. The major factors that contributed to failure of project implementation in PPPs were: quality, time as well as cost related factors. The study also identified the following as key factors that reduce delays in implementation of PPPs in Kenya: efficient and timely procurement of materials and equipments, use of efficient project-specific technology, allocation of enough financial resources, assigning well trained workers for specific tasks, good project planning and controlling, conflict resolution during project implementation.