The influence of monitoring and evaluation on the effectiveness of teaching and learning in schools in Kiambu District, Kenya
Maina, Beatrice N
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Education is the key to development especially in developing countries. Education is both formal and non formal. For formal education, the processes of teaching and learning become very crucial because unless the two are carried out effectively the objectives of the learners attending school cannot be achieved. One way to find out if these objectives have been achieved is through monitoring and evaluation done in schools. The main objective of this study therefore was to establish whether monitoring and evaluation done in schools to both teachers and learners enhances the effectiveness of both learning and teaching in schools. The target population was 19 public secondary schools, 341 secondary public teachers, 70 head of departments and 9406 students, in Kiambu District. Clustered random sampling design was used to sample the schools with divisions being the clusters; in each cluster three schools were selected. The data collected was coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, the analysis was descriptive. From the research the researcher found out that lesson preparation for both teachers and learners are paramount for effective teaching and learning to take place. Monitoring of school attendance is also important for both the teachers and learners although this should be done positively, student and teachers can miss school due to illness or other sensitive personal issues and the school administrators should not be insensitive to those issues. The environment for teaching and learning and especially where the general physical conditions are concerned is not conducive in most of the schools. The researcher concluded that all school administrators should take monitoring and evaluation process in schools seriously and the HODs should be properly trained as the IvI&E officers in schools and get scheduled time to do monitoring and evaluation duties. The DEO's office should generate forms that should be filled by the HODs during M&E process; the dully completed forms should be taken back to the DEO for analysis. The researcher recommends that School administrators encourage and ensure that there is proper lesson preparation in schools for both the teachers and the learners, teachers and learners are encouraged to attend school at all times, the evaluation process in schools should be more objective and not subjective and school administration school create a conducive environment for effective teaching and learning to take place.