Factors influencing participation of women in peace building in Mandera District, Kenya
Abdi, Mohamed A.
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Peace building is the set of initiatives by diverse actors in government and civil society to address the root causes of violence and protect civilians before, during, and after violent conflict. Peace building is a complex and lengthy process that requires the establishment of a climate of tolerance and respect for the truth. Women can play active role in peace building. However, they are often mere passive victims of conflict and should not be treated as such. The purpose of this study was to establish the factors that influence the involvement of women in peace building in Mandera District. Research objective one sought to assess the influence of discriminatory attitudes on women involvement in peace building in Mandera District. Research objective two sought to determine the influence of traditional working patterns of leadership influence women involvement in peace building. Research objective three sought to establish the extent to which ideological framework influence women involvement in peace building. Research objective four aimed at assessing the extent to which women networks influence women involvement in peace building while research objective five sought to explore the level at which lack of political strength influence women in their involvement in peace building. The study used the descriptive survey design using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The target population for this study included women in the communities, elders, members of the Provincial Administration and officials and employees of women organizations operating in the area. The findings concluded that discriminatory attitudes on women hindered their involvement in peace building. It was also concluded that traditional working patterns of women hindered them from getting involved in peace building. Women networks influenced women involvement in peace building. It was also reported by the respondent that women groups from warring communities have shared values and activities that can be used in conflict resolution and peace building. The recommendations include the government and the civil society should take part in involving women in issues of peace since they have the capacity to be key negotiators of peace and empower them educationally so that they have bargaining power in matters of peace.