Population growth and its impact on the provision of primary education in Nyamira District
The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of demographic levels and trends on the provision of primary education in Nyamira district. The district under study is characterized by high population growth rate of 3.1 % hence a lot of co on its social services. The research therefore aimed at examining demographic levels and trends in terms of fertility, mortality, migration, growth rates and age structure. Analysis was also made of the demands for and supply of primary education in terms of educational facilities such as the number of classrooms per school, teachers and teaching material. The study used both primary and secondary data. The raw data was obtained through a questionnaire which was administered by the researcher himself. A sample size of 160 primary schools was taken from 360 primary schools in the District. Proportionate stratified random sampling was applied, which ensued that each unit of the working population has an equal chance of being selected. In analyzing the data both demographic and statistical techniques were applied e.g population on pyramidal peaks, population growth rate method, the use of age specific fertility rates, the total fertility rates and crude death rates, other demographic method used included the use of teacher-pupil ratio, population tables and graphs. The researcher also utilized the following statistical techniques: Descriptive statistics were useful in analyzing the enrolment rate, here tables and graphs were used. Inferential statistics was useful in explaining the relationship between population growth and educational facilities; here regression and correlation analysis were used. It is important to note that all the methods were used to test the hypotheses of the research. The research, indicated that Nyamira has been experiencing fast population growth rates of3.1 per cent per annum. This is as a result of rising fertility and declining mortality in In Nyamira. In addition, Nyamira population appears to be more youthful, with an increasing proportion of children aged 0-14 years due to increased births of the reproductive women in , the age group 15-49 years. This has seriously affected the demand for primary education in Nyamira and the capacity of the district education board to cope with it. Correlation and Regression analysis shows a significant relationship between enrolment and the number of teachers and classroom, which had R2 of 0.54514 and 0.47868 respectively. This shows that as the number of pupils increases the number of teachers and classrooms are likely to increase. However, the coefficient of determination explains a small variance which means that although there is a positive relationship between enrolment and education facilities; the facilities are not enough. The testing of the hypothesis showed a weak relationship between pupil enrolment and educational facilities. It was generally concluded that pupil enrolment outweighs the supply of educational facilities in Nyamira. The major recommendation from this study is that the rapid increase in school age population should be seen as a serious problem and therefore, it is important for the government to increase family planning method in the district. It is also important to increase the age of marriage and increase the opportunity of more female in the working sector.