The contribution of civil society in the promotion of Human rights, case study of Kenya 1992-2009
Shakila, Jafarali K
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The study sought to establish the contribution of civil society organization in the promotion of human rights in Kenya, 1992- 2009. The study applied various methods of data collection involving both primary and secondary data. Human Rights are violated in Kenya, especially during the election times. Between 1992 and 2009, Kenya held four multi party elections. In all the said election periods, Kenya witnessed violations of human rights, where lives, properties are lost, women and children are raped, and yet others get displaced from their homes, violating their rights of having a livelihood and being independent in terms of providing their for their subsistence. Non state actors like Civil Society in Kenya are bodies mandated to promote human rights and ensure the state provides citizens with their basic rights. With their role to advocate for rights, they are expected to teach the public on rights that are entitled to them and how they can achieve them. However, as the study reveals most CSO in Kenya do not have the interest of its citizens in the heart but are bodies that promote human rights based on the agenda of external actors including donors and International Non Governmental Organizations (NGO's), as the funding most CSOs receive is project based, making the CSO accountable to external actors and not the citizens. Based on the evidence gathered and the analysis made, this study reached the following key conclusions in regard to the study objectives and hypotheses. That CSO are not consistent in promotion of human rights as most of their human rights promotion is based on external funding, so if there is no funding for promotion of required rights, the project is left half way and also Most CSO are faced by challenges such. as poor leadership, and lack of resources for running their programmes.