The role of non-governmental organizations in enhancing participation of girl child in public primary education in Garissa District, Kenya
Mohamed, Abdikadir A
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The purpose of this study was to establish the role of Non Governmental Organizations in enhancing participation of girl child education in primary education in Garissa district, Kenya. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study that is: How has community sensitization by the Non governmental organizations enhanced girl child participation in public primary education in Garissa District?; To what extent has provision of physical facilities by Non governmental organization has enhanced girl child participation in public primary education in Garissa District? In what ways has provision of teaching learning resources by Non governmental organization enhanced girl child participation in public primary education in Garissa District? How has the provision of basic needs for girls by the Non governmental organization enhanced girl child participation in public primary education in Garissa District? The target population of the study was the 15 primary schools, the headteachers of the 15 primary schools, and the 21 management staff of the 3 NGOs working in Garissa district. The study sample size was the 15 head teachers of the 15 primary schools, and all the management team of the NGOs which comprised in 21 members. The study revealed that the NGOs were involved in community sensitization on girl child education. It was also revealed that the perception towards girls' education was positive after such sensitization. The study further revealed that there was empowerment programmes put in place by the NGOs. The study revealed that various avenues such as political rallies DC and DOs public meetings were used in community sanitization. The study further concluded that the NGOs had provided infrastructural developments in the schools which included provision of toilet facilities for girls. The study also revealed that the NGOs were involved in provision of basic needs for girls which included foods, sanitary pads, sponsorship of needy girls and boarding facilities for girls with special needs. Based on the findings it was recommended that there is need for the NGOs to use many other avenues for sensitization of the community towards girls education. The study also recommended that there is need to provision of teaching learning materials which may be hindering girls' participation in education. The study lastly recommended that there is need to the NGO to cooperate with the government and other partners such as local organization in the provision of education for girls. Taking the limitations and delimitation's of the study, it was suggested that a study on the community attitude towards involvement of NGOs in provision of girls' education should be conducted. A study on effects of networking and collaboration among NGOs in enhancing girl child education should be conducted and a study on effects of NGO involvement on girl child education and academic performance should be conducted should also be conducted.