The influence of socio-cultural and economic factors on the academic performance of secondary school students in Garissa District, Kenya
Biriye, Daudi A
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the social-cultural and economic factors that affect the academic performance of secondary school students in Garrissa District. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The review of the literature focused on quality of teachers, school administration, teaching and learning resources, teaching and learning strategies, school inspections and performance, parental involvement in the performance of their children, influence by the surrounding community, cultural factors and other related literature. The study employed descriptive research design. The sample comprised of 8 headteachers, 145 teachers and 351 students. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and interview guide. The findings revealed that, there were economic factors that affected students' performance. These factors were such as parental economic background. There were several social-cultural factors that affected students' performance. For example communities strong attachment to their culture made them look down upon education. Insecurity, cultural conflicts were also seen as factors that affected performance. It was also revealed that school based problems such as lack of enough teaching and learning materials which led to poor performance. Parental level of education had effect on students' performance. The findings also showed that students and parents had a positive attitude towards education. Based on the findings, it was concluded that social-cultural factors, economic factors, school based factors, attitude of students, teachers and parents towards education had effect on students' performance. Schools however used different strategies to enhance students' performance among secondary school students in Garrissa District. In the light of the research findings it was recommended that the community should be educated on the importance of education to their children. It was also recommended that the government and NGO's should assist poor families so that they are able to educate their children. Finally it was recommended that schools should come up with a variety of strategies to encourage participation in education among the nomadic pastoralists. Taking the limitations and delimitations of the study, it was suggested that a study on an assessment of the implications of current policies on the education of the nomadic and pastoralists should be conducted. It was also suggested that a study on an investigation on the effects of social cultural practices on education of the nomadic pastoralists should be conducted.