Specificities of Human Heterophile Hanganutziu and Deicher (HD) Antibodies to Glycosphingolipids and a Glycoprotein1
Mukuria, C J
MetadataShow full item record
The specificities of five heterophile Hanganutziu and Deicher (HD) antibody-containing sera from four different cancer patients and one other diseased patients were compared. Three glycosphingolipids and one glycoprotein antigens and their chemically modified derivatives were used. The antibodies of all whole sera showed similar specificities. IgG and IgM antibody fractions of each serum were separated. Although antibodies of the same class showed similar specificities, differences were detected between the specificities of IgG and IgM. IgG antibody specificities were dependent on the hydrophobic (ceramide) group while IgM antibodies were directed more to the terminal sialic acid moiety of the glycosphingolipid antigens. The results suggested that a similar population of IgG-producing lymphocytes is stimulated in patients. Due to the similarities in specificities of HD antibodies, the results of this study will facilitate the future isolation of either IgG or IgM antibody-producing lymphocyte(s) from a patient with HD antibodies and the establishment of a monoclonal antibody through hybridization with a human myeloma cell line.