Factors influencing collaboration between community based organizations and non governmental organizations in community development projects in Siaya District
Masinde, Tom R
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Community development has undergone several facets in a bid to deliver better and efficient services to the target beneficiaries. The NGO and CSO collaborative model in development is thought by donors and development practitioners to be effective and efficient in undertaking community development projects though empirical literature point to it's under performance. This study examined the factors influencing collaboration between CBOs and NGOs in community development projects in Siaya district. The purpose of the research was to analyze the factors influencing the collaboration between CBOs and NGOs in community development project and was pursued through four key objectives; To assess how organizational philosophy, Nature of activities engaged in, Organizational structures and processes and Resources availability and utilization influence collaboration between CBOs and NGOs in community development projects in Siaya district. The study was anchored on the game theory that postulates about cooperation and lack of cooperation between organizations in pursuit of their set goals. The research adopted a descriptive survey design that enabled the description of the variables associated with NGOs and CBOs in collaboration. The sampling population consisted of 95 respondents and all were picked to participate in the study due to their relative small number. An interview schedule targeting 55CBOs and questionnaire targeting 40NGOs was administered as well as a KII schedule conducted with 5 departmental heads in Siaya district. The data was collected, coded and analyzed quantitatively with the help of statistical package for Social sciences (SPSS) version 11.5 and qualitatively through content and theme analysis. The results indicated that the majority (96.2%) of CBOs and 40 (I OO%)of the NGOs had a vision, mission and values though ili~y were not well understood & articuhlted byCBQs and ~nly21(40.4%)of CBOs and 23(57.'5%) of N'OOs were satisfied with the role of organizational philosophy in enhancing collaboration. Further analysis showed that majority of CBOs 40 ( 79%) and NGOs 31( 77.5%) were involved in lllV &AIDS related activities and the study further established that 35( 67.3%) and 30(75%) ofNGOs were influenced by the type and nature of activities being implemented in the collaboration. The study further revealed that 31(60%) of CBOs and 35(87%) of NGOs had an organization structure that can support collaboration. However, the existing structures were not found to be participatory, flexible and inclusive in the collaboration. Indeed, only 29(55.8%) for CBOs and 23(57.5%) for NGOs affirmed that the structures were facilitating collaboration between CBOs and NGOs. The study further revealed that CBOs and NGOs were dependent on donor funds at 40(76.9%) for CBOs and 38(95%) for NQOs respectively. The donor funds were found to be tied to conditions that sometimes go against the spirit ofcollaboration. The. study thus concluded that CBOs and ·NGOs· find challenges in their collaboration arising from their incongruent organizational vision, mission & values, limited nature and type of activities engaged in, unfacilitative structures and processes and over reliance on donor resources that come with strict conditions that quite often work against the spirit of collaboration. The study recommended that the capacity of CBOs should continuously be built to enable them engage in collaborations meaningfully; secondly, both CBOs & NGOs should embrace peace building and conflict resolution as they collaborate. Further, CBOs and NGOs should look for other sources of funding to avoid over reliance on donor funds. The government should come up with a framework of supporting and monitoring joint projects by CBOs and NGOs to enhance accountability. The study suggested that an impact study be done to ascertain the effectiveness ofNGO ICBO collaboration in community development projects.