Factors affecting sustainability of income generating activities among women in Nyando Division of nyando District
This study investigated the factors that influence sustainability of Income Generating Activities (IGA) among women in Nyando division, Nyando district. This was in view of the fact that IGAs have been used as a strategy to alleviate women economic status, reduce poverty and hunger without success due to its non sustenance. A small number of women groups had been successful in achieving their economic goals through IGA but when the support from the Non Governmental Organization, Government and donors is withdrawn the number of groups dwindled and some reverted back to their vulnerable condition. The study sought to establish the factor that influence sustainability and make recommendation on how to minimize the influence. The objectives of the study was to investigate the extent to which financial, social-cultural, physical and natural factors influence sustainability of IGA among women in Nyando. Physical factors were exemplified as the physical infrastructure like transport, water, communication and tools and technology. Financial factors in the study referred to the accessibility to credit and saving for use in IGAs. The natural factors in the study were represented by the environmental and seasonality of the area. The social-cultural factors referred to the skill, knowledge, beliefs, culture, tradition, health and social status of the women, This study was conducted through descriptive survey design as it seeks out to get the respondent views and opinions. Data was collected using questionnaires and key informant interview guide. The questionnaires were administered to 72 women respondents selected from the accessible population through simple random selection. The key informants interviewed were fifteen. They were selected through purposive sampling from Ministry of Gender and Social Services, Non Governmental Organization, Community Based Organization, Faith Based Organization based in Nyando. Researcher collected quantitative data from the questionnaire. Qualitative data was collected from the Key informants' interview. The data were analyzed using a simple descriptive analysis. The data from the questionnaire were grouped under broad themes, coded and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and presented using frequency tables. The study established that there is evident that financial, social-cultural, natural and physical factors greatly influence the sustainability of IGAs in Nyando division, Nyando district. Findings were that the I GAs are influenced by natural factor such as flood and drought. Financial facilities that give loans were difficult to access due to lack of collaterals and information. Social- cultural findings shows that IGAs are limited to the traditional activities which the women understand best but these activities makes minimum income for sustainability. Findings on physical factors were that the road and communication networks affect greatly IGA in terms of marketing of the produce. The study concluded based on the fmdings that that financial, social-cultural, physical and natural factor influence sustainability of IGAs in .Nyando division. The study recommended the need for all stakeholders to consolidate efforts towards ensuring that women groups are well facilitated financially. Secondly, non governmental organization, government department, community based organization should help to dissociate income generation practices from any traditional demerits through empowerement. Thirdly diversification of IGAs should be practiced to reduce loss through floods and drought. Lastly for sustainability women IGAs should be exposed to the use of modem technology.