Influence of board of govenors on financial management of public secondary schools in Miwani Division, Kenya
Oduor, Justus J
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Success of schools depends on the quality of management. Prudent manegeesera is I: precondition to the attainment of quality results in efficiency and cost and this therefore requires that the board of governors is adequately trained. BOGs are not effective as managers of secondary schools because of political interference, non commitment, and ignorance. The bodies are incompetent as managers, and influence financial management of secondary schools. The aim of the study was to establish the influence of BOG in financial management in public secondary schools. The study adopted a descriptive survey design in evaluating the influence. The target population was 88 BOGs, 8 head teachers, 8 PTA chairmen and 4 officers in the District Education Office who were all interviewed. A sample of 8 schools was selected randomly to ensure that all schools in the division had a chance of selection. Questionnaire and interview schedule were used for data collection while books, journals, newspapers and reports were used to obtain secondary data. A pilot study was carried out in Nyando division, on 3 schools which were not part of the sample to assess the validity and reliability of instruments. Descriptive statistical components such as tabulation were used to analyze the responses, concerns and views of the respondents to give general descriptions of the data. The study found out that BOG influences financial management in budget making through voting of virements, and monitoring and evaluating financial budget. The study also established that BOG is not aware of policies guiding financial management and that the BOG faced challenges in financial management. In conclusion, the study realized that board of governors exert influence on financial management of public secondary schools through their functions such as budget making, budget approval, voting of virements, monitoring and evaluation of the budget and discussion of audit reports. The boards have inadequate knowledge of policies guiding financial management and they do not adhere to them leading inefficiencies in financial management. The study also concludes that BOG is incompetent in financial management and efforts should be made by the appointing authority to ensure they are properly inducted on their roles before they assume office. However they also face challenges while executing their roles such incompetence in financial management, little knowledge on policy framework on financial management of public secondary schools, political interference in their roles, and partisan interest. The study further concluded that government policy actually affects financial management since it regulates and defines the constitution and functions of various bodies in schools charged with financial management such as B.O.G, and tender conn:nittee. It also provides guidelines to head teachers and accounts clerk on how entries are made in various accounts and how they are balanced. It further directs financial expenditure in public secondary schools. The study recommends that in order to improve financial management in public secondary schools, BOG should be trained on financial management, policy issues and politicians should stop interfering in their functions. Areas that need further research include establishing other factors influencing fmancial management other than the BOG, and the impact of politics on financial management in secondary schools.