Reinforcement versus operant conditioning: the perception of teachers and students on behaviour modification strategies among the youth of selected secondary schools in Makadara Constituency, Nairobi province
Nyasetia, Eunice A
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Discipline is paramount in all areas of life. Education ceases to be meaningful if there is no observation of personal collective responsibility and discipline. In dealing with school discipline there is need to employ a wholistic approach because we are dealing with a total human being who happens to live in a complex environment which has great impact in all facets of his or her life. If discipline has to be effectively inculcated in the learner, the teacher has to be aware of all the factors and agents that influence the formation of certain habits, attitudes and establish how the same agents can be used to enhance positive discipline. Given the above therefore, the study, sought to find out whether the ban of the cane had any impact on discipline, what factors are responsible for deviant behavior, the effectiveness of guidance and counseling in relation to behavior change and appropriate measures that can be used to instill discipline in our learning institutions. The population of the study was the seven public schools in Makadara Constituency with students up to form 4. Because the population of these schools was varied, stratified random sampling and purposive sampling were used to get student respondents and teacher respondents respectively. When it came to data collection, the response rate was good and the researcher was able to achieve the objectives of the study. The empirical results obtained from the field showed that there has been a decline in some indiscipline cases due to the introduction of guidance and counseling in schools after the ban of the cane. It was also indicated that punishment like canning does not solve problems permanently.