Challenges facing cash transfers for orphans and vulnerable children programme: The case of Kasarani, Nairobi, Kenya
The aim of this study was to establish the challenges facing implementation of cash transfer for orphans and vulnerable children programme in Kasarani Division Nairobi County. According to (KNBS,2010), Kenya has a total population of about 38.6 million, out of which, almost 80 percent live in the rural areas and 56 percent of them live in poverty. Almost half of Kenya's populations of 38.6 million people live in poverty (KNBS, 2010 Children aged below 18 years are estimated to constitute 50 per cent of the Kenyan population and close to half of them require special care and protection. It is estimated that 1.78 million Kenyan children aged 0-14 are orphans (KDHS, 2003). The objectives of the study were; to establish how cash is transferred to orphans and vulnerable children and their households, to examine the government policy gaps guiding the cash transfer for orphans and vulnerable children; to assess the governance structures for implementing the cash transfer for orphans and vulnerable children and to find out the challenges facing the cash transfer programme on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC-CT). This study employed an explanatory Focus Group design. An FGD research is a process of collecting data in order to answer questions regarding the current status of the subjects in the study. The collected data was summarized, organized, presented and interpreted using content analysis. In the study, a total of 14 focus group discussions were targeted however, due to insecurity at the time of the study, 9 FGDs were conducted. The main objective of the FGDs was to provide a forum for the groups to discuss in detail what affects them and to explore ideas the cash transfer programme on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC-CT). However, the study was able to organize for 9 Focus Group Discussions. The findings showed that orphans are more likely to be cared for by households - those that have the means to take on, feed and educate additional members if there is a guarantee of additional support, like the OVC-CT programme. The study recommended that a number of policy initiatives need to be reviewed and clarified, and guidelines for implementation and enforcement need to be drawn up and disseminated to the relevant authorities. Key policy areas that need attention include: inheritance rights; access to education, medical services and accommodation.