Factors influencing youth's participation in community development projects in Emuhaya Division, Kenya
This study investigated factors influencing youth's participation in community based development projects in Emuhaya Division. It established that the youth's expected and actual participation was influenced by various factors. The research was guided by the conceptual approach, which attempted the explanation of the relationship between the factors influencing the youth's participation in community based development projects such as: youth characteristics, sensitization and advocacy, social cultural determinants economic factors and the actual participation. A descriptive survey design was used and data collected using questionnaires. Stratified random sampling was used to categorize community based development programs/groups into those composed of women, young men and those made up of both men and women. Simple random sampling was used to select 20 groups from the 42 community based development groups in the division. At the group level, the researcher used simple random sampling to select 10 members, while purposive sampling was used to select 3 officials leaders from every youth group and 3 youth development officers from the Division. Approximately 200 youths, 60 youth leaders and 3 youth development officers participated in this study. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics in which percentages, frequencies and tables were used. Through a critical scrutiny of the study's findings, summary of these findings and the conclusions made; this study established the factors influencing the youth's actual participation in community based development projects. Among these factors were: the youth's personal characteristics such as age, gender, marital status and educational level; sensitization and advocacy; economic factors such as unemployment and socio-cultural factors such as leisure. gender related duties and peer pressure. These findings and their respective recommendations are bound to help develop policies and strategies that should be put in place to ensure the youth's effective and productive participation. For example; among the recommendations made both for the potential beneficiaries such as the youth themselves, the government through the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, the general public and any interested future researchers were: the inclusion of studies on the relevance and need for youth's involvement in development projects in the secondary school curriculum, intensified involvement in sensitization and advocacy and the funding of development conscious youth activities by the government, Non-Governmental Organizations and any other interested stakeholders.