Factors influencing adoption of income generating activities in public secondary schools in Kakamega East District
Odah, Muhonja O
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Income generating in public secondary schools is an activity that has taken off in certain secondary schools with success while it hasn't in others. This research study sought to identify factors influencing the adoption of income generating activities in public secondary schools. Despite the government willingness and commitment to improve access and quality of education at all levels, the adverse economic events and competition for resources from other social sectors has been a major hindrance to full commitment. The main objective of this research was to establish what factors influence the adoption of income generating activities in public secondary schools, so as to explain the adoption by certain schools and not all. The study adopted descriptive survey design which would describe the state of affairs as it exists. The target sample was public secondary schools that were proportionally sampled from the various categories of secondary schools in lIeho and Shinyalu divisions of Kakamega East District. The research instrument that was used was the questionnaire and the researcher paid attention to what was observed on the ground. The observation helped to complement questionnaire findings. To facilitate data collection principals of the selected schools were to help deliver the questionnaires to the chairman P.T.A and B.O.G to complete. The research adopted quantitative analysis and data from the field was quantified. To permit quantitative analysis data was converted to numerical codes representing attributes of measurements of variables. The beneficiaries of the study would be: the schools, the parents, the government and the education policy makers who may draw policies based on the findings ofthe study. The beneficiaries of the study would be: the schools, the parents, the government and the education policy makers who may draw policies based on the findings of the study. From the research findings it was evident that income generating activities were adopted by a few public secondary schools while a majority had not. These schools were mainly boarding schools and they had adequate land and capital. The less endowed day schools did not have income generating activities. The study recommended that the ministry evolves a policy on income generating activities in public secondary school to make it mandatory for schools with facilities and resources at their disposal to initiate income generating activities. The study concentrated on Kaka mega East District. The researcher recommended that further research be undertaken on factors influencing adoption of income generating activities in public secondary schools and the utilization of generated funds in school's development. Income generated by schools themselves can help to supplement government subsidy and cushion schools against budgetary constraints.