Factors influencing the level of learners participation in physical education, sports and games in secondary schools: a case of Nyeri Central district
Man is a motor being. His life is characterized by a lot of deliberate movements like running, walking. jumping, catching, stretching, curling, balancing, pushing, pulling kicking etc. These activities are natural to mans life and evidently make his life flow. Study of these physical activities in man has shown they are cardinal to his physical health intellectual development, talent building, social relations, positive use of leisure time, and longevity of life. They are also therapeutical to some illness and diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, stress, stroke, kaiphosis and lordiosis among others, all of which would reduce national medical bill. Farley Thomas (1976). It's for these reasons that the civilized societies have identified these physical activities in form of exercises and sports and programmed them in their education curriculum, health clubs and in organized competitions. This study was set to investigate the level of students participation in PE, sports and games in secondary schools being the dependent variable. The variables of study or the independent variables were facilities and equipment, personnel and training. Knowledge and awareness of benefits of participating in PE, sports and games and finally Principals attitude towards PE, sports and games. The subjects of investigation included the students, the Games Masters, the Principals and the District Quality Assurance and Standard Officer. The tools for data collection included questionnaire which was served to the students, Games Masters and Principals respectfully. The others were interview schedules and observation which was conducted with the QASO and Games Masters respectively. This study involved a sample population of 8 secondary schools randomly selected but including all categories of schools i.e. public, private, Boys schools. Girls schools. mixed ones Day and Boarding schools. There were 379 students sampled, 8 Principals and 8 Games Masters from the sample schools who were served with questionnaire. Interview schedule was arranged with QASO and observation schedule with the Games Masters. The data collected was converted to percentages and presented in graphs, charts, pie charts histograms and tables. The findings revealed that the level of student participation in PE, sports and games was greatly influenced by the availability of, facilities and equipment, personnel and training, knowledge and awareness of the benefits of participating in PE, sports and games and Principals attitude towards participation in PE sports and games. Arising from these findings recommendations are made with view of improving on the current level of students' participation in PE, sports and games in secondary schools.