Effects of implementation of the education sector policy on HIV/AIDs on students in public secondary schools in Kenya a case of Bungoma South District
The Ministry of Education formulated the Education Sector Policy on HIV/ AIDS in 2004 because the pandemic was affecting the quality of education in schools. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the effects of implementing this policy on students who are in public secondary schools in Bungoma South District. The objectives of the study were: to establish the extent to which this Policy had been implemented in Public Secondary Schools, examine awareness creation of HIV / AIDS education, determine the role of the Ministry of Education in the implementation of the policy and ascertain the effects of strategies in promoting students behavioral change. The study will be significant to the head teachers and the Ministry of Education officers in improving the HIV/AIDS Education among the youth by formulating better future strategies and create an HIV/AIDS free society. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. This was carried out in public secondary schools in Bungoma South District. The study population comprised of 355 respondents. Stratified sampling was used on the 47 public secondary schools; to get the 16 schools in which random sampling was used to select the individual respondents. Questionnaires, interview schedules, observation checklist and document analysis were the instruments of data collection. Reliability of the instruments was determined by piloting the instruments in four schools and Validity was enhanced by requesting the experts in the area of Research Methods to examine content validity. Qualitative and quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented using tables of frequencies, percentages and mean. Key findings revealed that the state of implementation of this Policy in Bungoma South schools was slow and key awareness programmes were not in place. The MOE's office rarely assessed the progress of the Implementation. Clubs that fully promoted HIV/AIDS in schools were not fully utilized; few students participated in this clubs. It was concluded that implementation was taking place slowly hence the effect on the students' behavior was minimal. The study recommended that, schools should strengthen the Guidance and Counseling Department by stepping up the use of the programmes to sensitize the students on importance of behavior change. Lastly the Ministry of Education should enforce the teaching of HIV/AIDS Education in secondary schools.