Effect of heat moisture – treated Cassava starch and amaranth malt on the quality of sorghum – cassava- amaranth bread
Mewa, Eunice A
Mutahi, Anne W
Okoth, Michael W
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Gluten-free batter and bread was prepared from modified cassava starch, sorghum and amaranth flour. Heat-moisture treatment (80°C, 18, 24 or 30% moisture content, and 8, 16 or 24 h incubation) of cassava starch increased its crystallinity, onset pasting temperature and water absorption index; and decreased its swelling power, water solubility index and peak viscosity. Heat-moisture treated cassava starch was made into batter with sorghum and amaranth in the ratio of 50:40:10. The other ingredients, weighed on flour-weight-basis, were water (75%), sugar (6.7%), fat (2%), salt (1.7%), and amaranth malt at 0, 1 or 2.5%. The interaction effect (that is, starch modification x amaranth malt) significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected batter consistency. Breads made from heat-moisture treated starch were softer than those containing native starch. The interaction effect (that is, starch modification x amaranth malt) was significant (P ≤ 0.05) only for the texture profile analysis property of cohesiveness. Further investigation of the effect of heat-moisture treatment showed that the interaction effect (that is, moisture content x incubation time) significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected only the Texture Profile Analysis properties of hardness and chewiness.