Assessing the technical efficiency of care and support provided to orphans and vulnerable children by religious organization in Kibera slums
The national HIV prevalence in Kenya has decreased from a high of around 14% in the mid- 1990s, 5.9% in 2006 and 5.1% in 2007. The HIV prevalence in Nairobi province is currently 10.1% being in the highest among all provinces in Kenya. Kibera residents are infected with HIV mainly due to abuse of basic human rights especially among girls and young women. Finding drawn from secondary data showed that the whole of Langata division had 3082 registered OVC at the end of 2006 with Kibera location contributing 1056.0VC. These OVC reported different losses in terms of their parents. The majority (41 %) reported to have lost both parents, while 23% were vulnerable children with one parent, and 20% did not know the whereabouts of their parents. There are 568 civil society organizations in Kibera division. Over 135 of these organizations were reported to be providing support to OVC. Out of 135, 36 were located in Kibera location. Most of ,these organizations are faith based, self-help groups, youth groups, or women groups. Although the , groups were registered to provide care and support to OVC, it was difficult to gauge the help given to OVC due to lack of resources within the groups, some of the groups were reported to be only active when they receive funds from the National Aids Control. In absence of active funding, the OVC supported by the organizations suffered due to lack of resources. This is clearly seen from the sampled FBOs interviewed. Despite the FBOs serving a large population of ove, they have not been able to meet the needs of the OVC. These organizations receive funds from donors as grants, community contributions, from income generating activities and government through various ministries. Evidence indicates that most of the FBOs are not operating efficiently. In spite of the extensive studies on Kibera slum, scarcely has there been a study to assess the efficiency of organizations seeking to meet the challenges. This study fills these gaps and recommends measures for improving the needs of orphans and vulnerable childrenin the Kibera slum. The study applied Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) 'to estimate the efficiency levels of the FBOs. The results show that, there is an observable deviation of efficiency scores from the best practice frontier.