Gender perspectives in the implementation of the MDG in developing countries: a case study of Kenya 2001-2007
This project concerns itself with the analysis of gender perspectives in the implementation of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in developing countries. For the purposes of depth, the project focuses on Kenya as a case study. The objectives of the study are four fold: to establish extent to which feminization of poverty has been sustained by gender insensitive practices in Kenya; to assess the extent to which Millennium Development Goal 3 principles have been integrated and mainstreamed in Kenya's national development policies and programs; to examine public awareness about Millennium.Development Goal 3 and the extent of their involvement in the advancement of its principles and; to explain the obtaining gaps, challenges and disharmony in the implementation of Millennium Development Goal 3 in Kenya. The study is guided by feminism theory, which aims not only to understand the nature of inequality but also seeks to promote women rights. The study exposes a number of initiatives by the. Kenya government to enhance gender equality. And although some of the initiatives such as the establishment of gender desk in the Ministry of Culture and Social Services as well as the formation of National Gender and Development Policy are old, a more invigorated attempt to address gender inequality and to empower Kenyan women only begun after the UN Declaration of Millennium Goals in September 2000. Likewise, most of the internal gender empowerment initiatives are the result of external influence especially from international feminist movements and exotic modernist ethos. Like the earlier initiatives, current efforts to implement MDG3 is riddled with many challenges including structural problems, poor coordination between implementing agencies, poor monitoring and evaluation, lack of resources, inadequate commitment on the part of the Kenya Government, etc all of which limit the possibilities of the smooth realization of Goal 3 in Kenya by 2015. But some positive gains have been made since the 2000 Declaration, which can be used to launch a more vigorous campaign for gender equality and women empowerment. The study confirms the hypotheses that the external origin of MDG 3 and general lack of commitment among state and non-state actors have affected the program' implementation process in Kenya The study ends by providing some recommendations for improving the situation of women in Kenya.