Influence of suburbanization on real estate market performance in satellite towns in Kenya: a case of Kiambu town
This research project report is a study of how suburbanisation influences the performance of real estate market within satellite towns in Kenya. This is through the study of how four components of suburbanisation namely land use patterns, land values, cost of housing and road infrastructure influences the real estate market. Kiambu town, which has experienced an increase in real estate activities in the recent past, has been used as a case. The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of suburbanisation of satellite towns on the real estate market. The research project report gives a background on suburbanisation with its purpose being to find out the influence of suburbanisation on the performance of the real estate market through change ofland values, land use, cost of housing and road infrastructure. The major significance of this study to the stakeholders is to help in making decision related to investment in real estate in the suburbanising satellite towns. The study covers Kiambu town, which is the headquarters of Kiambu County. The project looks into the concept of suburbanisation and is guided by the ecological approach and the sociologists' theory of suburbanisation. The methodology of the research used is descriptive survey research design with registered valuers, estate agents, government land valuers in the Ministry of Lands offices in Kiambu, the town planner in Kiambu as well as residents of Kiambu Town being the target population. Purposive sampling technique was used with both primary and secondary instruments data sources, which were piloted before the actual data collection. The primary sources included interviews and questionnaires, while the analysis and review of books, journals, magazines and reports of various authorities formed the core of secondary data. Raw data was collected and the researcher pre-processed it to eliminate unwanted and unusable data which could have been contradictory or ambiguous, developed a coding scheme by creating codes from the responses which was then summarized and analysed using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS). The data was analysed in descriptive perspectives and a summary of findings given. The research found that as components of suburbanisation; land use, land values, cost of housing and road infrastructure development affect the performance of the real estate market positively. The increase/ growth of these components lead to a vibrant market with increased transactions. Cost of housing was indicated as the one with a highest influence by 37.2% of the respondents, followed by land values at 20.4%, road infrastructure at 16.8% and finally changes in land use by 15.9%. In conclusion, the research found that these four components influence demand, a major aspect that drives the real estate market performance. The study recommends the development of an Integrated Development Plan to address the issues of zoning for different land use to harmonize the different land users, and to also specifically cater for agricultural land use which is under threat from residential land use. This will also act as a regulation to the market. It also recommends proper planning and opening up of areas by road networks.