Social health insurance in Kenya-prospects and challenges to implementation
The purpose of this study is to analyse the feasibility and viability of social health insurance as a mode of financing healthcare. Social Health Insurance aims at protecting all population groups against financial risks due to illness. This study addresses prospects and challenges to the implementation of the proposed NSHIF in Kenya. It examines Social Health Insurance, as a financing mechanism and as a means of social protection. There are substantial difficulties in the implementation of social health insurance schemes and this study will highlight these and recommend solutions to counter them. The study is informed by the Social Liberalism Theory also referred to as New Liberalism or Reform Liberalism. Social liberals believe that lack of economic opportunity, education and health care are threats to individual liberty. The study examines the evolution of SHI from 19th Century Germany to the present day implementation of SHI in developing and transition countries. The examination of Kenya's healthcare system traces the historical background and development of healthcare financing in Kenya, highlighting successes, shortcomings, and lessons learnt. The research findings are analysed under the chapter on implementation of SHI, followed by conclusions.