Gender motivational factors of human resources for health: the study of Bondo and Vihiga Districts
Introduction Human Resources for Health are the most critical factor in driving health system performance. However, motivation of health workforce has been very low in almost all developing countries including Kenya. Majority of the health workforce is female who mostly occur the junior positions while majority of policy and decision making positions are occupied by the their male counterparts. There is a need for motivators of the health workforce to be segregated by gender in order to ensure an adequately performing workforce. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the factors that female and male employees find motivational or demotivating and to determine the perception of male and female health employees of the existing human resources management tools in order improve on motivational incentives for health employees. Methodology This is cross sectional comparative study whose data was collected through qualitative methods using Key Informants Interviews and Focus Group Discussions and through quantitive methods using semi structured self administered questionnaires. Data analysis consisted of descriptive and inferential statistics Findings The female and male health workers had several and different motivational factors. Majority of the females, were motivated by their passion for work, while the male respondents' key motivation was appreciation by the employer. For the demotivators, both genders shared similar attributes at the workplace. There existed some efforts of motivating employees among the health human resource that were encouraging. The study revealed that majority of the females viewed career development and increase in payment as the most appropriate motivator, whereas for the males, it was frequent meetings and increase in payment.