Challenges facing trade unions in Kenya
The primary function of a trade union is to promote and protect the interest of its members; improve working and living conditions and to represent workers' interests. Trade unions have however fallen short of achieving their set objectives due to challenges that are both external and internal. This study was designed to investigate the challenges facing trade unions in Kenya. A census survey design was used. Primary data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and thirty two out of the forty trade unions responded to the questionnaire. The results showed that there are many challenges affecting trade unions in Kenya which include fmancial constraints emanating from loss of membership, splitting of unions and mismanagement, government and employer intervention in trade union activities and controlling of their affairs, the differentiated and changing composition of workers that has had a general effect on weakening trade unions and advancements in technology have made it possible for the new units of production to be geographically dispersed hence it is no longer necessary for staff to be physically located in the same place, thereby reducing the workforce and in turn union membership. It is recommended that trade unions enhance member education programmes, with emphasis on improvement of employee performance and build teamwork. Government should facilitate the role of trade unions through stringent enforcement of labor legislation to harmonise the working relations with employers. Further studies can be done on; employer attitudes towards trade unions and the impact of the trade union on employee performance.