Perceived effectiveness of workplace HIV/AIDs management programmes: a survey of Kenyan State Corporations
The main purpose of this study was to determine perceived effectiveness of workplace HIV I AIDS management programmes in the Kenyan State Corporations. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of all 127 state corporations in Kenya. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample of 40 state corporations based on their functional categories. The primary data was collected through the use of a structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics: percentages, frequencies, means and standard deviations. The results were presented on graphs, pie charts and tables. The study revealed that the objectives that have positively contributed to the management of HIV I AIDS in State Corporations were provision of services to reinforce behavior change, informing employees about HIV I AIDS and offering services to cope with HIV infections. It was also found that the programmes in the management of HIV I AIDS in the corporations were very effective and that education and awareness, condom promotion and distribution and behavior change communication were the programmes undertaken by the corporations to very great extent. The study further found that the perceptions in the corporation's response to the management of HIV I AIDS that had a very great influence were HIV I AIDS programmes are expensive and HIV I AIDS is a health issue and should therefore be dealt with by health professionals. Based on the findings, it is concluded that State Corporations have integrated HIV I AIDS programs as part of their workplace activities. Most programs initiated were found to be effective. However, workplace policy implementation, condom distribution, education and awareness were the programs perceived to be very effective. The study also concludes that there is inadequate involvement and management support based on perceptions that HIV I AIDS programs are expensive, lack of adequate resources and the perception that HIV/AIDS is not a core business activity. These perceptions were found to have a great influence on the extent of involvement by the management and staff in the programs. The study finally concludes that to be effective in mitigating the impact of the pandemic, there is need to adopt a rnultisectoral approach, to increase budgetary provision for the programs and subsidize some of the programs. It is further recommended that to improve on the effectiveness of workplace HIV / AIDS management programmes in the Corporations, top management should take the lead, commit and allocate adequate resources for the prevention programs and employees at all levels should be involved in the programmes.