Critical Success Factors That Influence The Successful Implementation Of Urban Development Plans In Kenya: A Case Of Mtwapa Town, Kilifi County
In recent years, urban planning in Kenya has been experiencing a paradigm shift from the concept of master planning to strategic urban development planning and subsequently integrated strategic urban planning. The purpose of the study is on critical success factors that influence the successful implementation of urban development plans in Kenya using the Strategic urban development plan for Mtwapa town in Kilifi County as a case. The study discusses on four factors that are pertinent in urban development plans. The study had four objectives which included establishing the influence of top management support, to explain the influence of project team, to examine the influence of client consultation and also to establish the influence of monitoring and evaluation on successful implementation of urban development plans in Kenya. To achieve this, the researcher used a descriptive survey research design to conduct the study. A sample of 140 respondents has been arrived at using proportionate stratified random sampling technique at 64% of the target population. The 140 questionnaires were distributed and the return rate was 51.4%. The respondents came from different groups. They included Ministry of local government, Ministry of Lands, Kilifi County council officials, private planners, young planners and Mtwapa Stakeholders The four objectives of the study were analysed using the guideline provided by the questionnaire. The analysis was done using descriptive, spearman rank correlation and content analysis. From the study it was found that top management support was a key factor in influencing implementation of urban development plans in Kenya. This was followed by monitoring and evaluation. Project team and client consultation were seen as the least critical success factors that can influence the successful implementation of urban development plans. The recommendations for the study were to encourage the top managers to be effective project champions, secondly the project team needs to be highly motivated and equipped with adequate planning skills, thirdly there also needs to be constant client consultation and efficient monitoring and evaluation programmes for the plan. Further studies needs to be undertaken to see if may be the other six critical success factors has an influence to successful implementation of urban development plans. The six critical success factors include project mission, project schedule/plan, technical tasks, client acceptance, communication, and troubleshooting.