The Influence Of Reward System On Organizational Perfomance In Public Primary Teacher Training Colleges In Nairobi Zone, Kenya.
This study was set to investigate the influence of reward system on organizational performance in the public Primary Teacher Training Colleges in Nairobi Zone, Kenya. The study was guided by five objectives namely: to determine the extent to which employees’ compensation influence organizational performance, examine the extent to which employees’ performance recognition influences organizational performance, establish the relationship between benefits to the employees and organizational performance, examine the extent to which skill development provided to the employees influence organizational performance and establish the relationship between a conducive work environment for the employees and organizational performance in public Primary Teacher Training Colleges in Nairobi Zone, Kenya. The study adopted several theories such as Maslow hierarchy of needs, Expectancy theory and Adams Equity theory and a conceptual frame work to support the theory. It also adopted a descriptive survey research design. The target population was all public Primary Teacher Training Colleges in Nairobi Zone, Kenya and the sample size which was determined by Yamane Formula was 134 respondents from four Colleges. The administrators were selected purposively and the teaching and non teaching staffs were selected randomly. Data was collected using questionnaires and the instruments were tested for reliability through split half method. Its reliability coefficient correlation after correcting to full test using spearman Prophecy formula was 0.82.Items in the instruments were carefully examined if they had content validity through expert judgment by the supervisor. The instruments were administered to the respondents by the researcher. Completed questionnaires were collected immediately. Data analysis involved descriptive statistical analysis, summarized and presented in tables showing frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics was used to test to establish the relationship between the Independent variables and dependent variable. The study has revealed that reward system is an important aspect in an organization as it influences organizational performance. The employees seem dissatisfied with the compensation scheme in their institutions. There also exists uneven distribution of recognition awards in the institutions. The benefit package for the employees was not attractive and opportunities for skill development were offered. The working environment was conducive however the working facilities were inadequate. The study recommends that the top management in organizations should design a compensation system which would drive, reinforce and sometimes alter the culture in a way that the organization’s goals are supported and have different types of pay systems which relate to performance. The organization management should design recognition programmes that have a purpose of keeping employees motivated and productive. The top management should design a cafeteria- style benefit plan on incentive system which caters for the differing needs of the employees. The study suggests further research to be done on establishing the kind of rewards the employees expect from managers so as to perform better, whether employees Teacher Training Colleges are treated in a way that they expect, establish the impact of reward system on staff turnover and establish factors that influence performance in any organization.