The Influence Of School Infrastructure On Performance Of Kenya Certificate Of Primary Education In Central Division Of Machakos District
Mweu, Anna W
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The topic of the study was ‘The influence of school infrastructure on Kenya Certificate of Primary Education performance in Central Division of Machakos District. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of school infrastructure on Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) performance in Central Division of Machakos District. The study had five objectives in which it sought to establish the extent to which a learner protected school environment influences performance in KCPE. The study also sought to establish to what extent school buildings influence performance in KCPE. The study was also aimed at establishing the extent to which a health and hygiene promoting school influences KCPE performance. The study further sought to find out the influence a nutrition promoting school had on KCPE performance. The influence of school equipment on KCPE performance was also looked into in the study. The study employed descriptive survey design from randomly selected public primary schools in Central Division of Machakos district. Since all school could not participate in the study a sample size was determined using the formulae according to Taro Yamane’s (1967) Formulae for determining sample size. The sample size for the study comprised of 52 head teachers, 161 classroom teachers and 195 standard eight pupils. The total respondents in the study were 408. The instruments for data collection included questionnaires for the class eight pupil and the classroom teachers, an interview schedule for the head teachers and an observation guide which was used by the researcher in assessing the schools physical infrastructure. The research instruments were piloted in 2 public primary schools for reliability. The pilot schools were not part of the sampled schools. The split half method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments. The validity of the instruments was determined by experts in the department of Extra Mural Studies among them the researchers supervisor. The data was coded manually and later analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively using descriptive statistics and Excel computer program (SPSS).Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to analyze data from inferential statistics. The findings were presented on frequency tables and percentages. The findings revealed that most of the schools in Central Division lacked safe and protective environment for learning, the school buildings were inadequate and did not adhere to the safety standards manual in government institutions from the Ministry of Education (MOE 2001) as in most schools the doors opened to the inside and windows had grills. Most of the schools lacked water for drinking and hand washing, only 5 schools out of the 69 schools in the Division had a feeding program in place and most learners had to learn on empty stomachs especially in the afternoons. The text books were inadequate with majority of the pupils sharing books in the ratio of 1:3 or 1:4 in most schools resulting to a below average KCPE performance trend in public primary schools in the area therefore necessitating the Governments’ and policy maker’ intervention for quality school infrastructure in order to achieve quality education in Central Division. The researcher came up with the following recommendations;-a supportive environment should be created in order to upgrade the physical condition of the schools with respect to safety and protection of both teachers and learners to facilitate increased learner enrolment, retention and completion, funds should be availed to upgrade the school infrastructure in public primary schools to address the issues of overcrowding and congestion in the classes, health education with a focus on personal hygiene and life skills should be integrated into the school curriculum and teachers should be trained in health and hygiene and should work in cooperation with the parents so that health and hygiene are extended home, it should be ensured that children in public schools access feeding program on regular basis as this is an intervention that affect not only their health but also their academic performance, the current disbursement of capitation of Ksh. 1,020 per child for FPE should be reviewed upwards to reflect the rate of inflation as this will improve the text book pupil ratio as well as physical infrastructure and especially this time when primary schools are expected to embrace ICT.