Homebased factors influencing internal efficiency in public primary schools in Gucha District, Kenya
Kenya government has noted that there is internal inefficiency especially in the primary section despite heavy investment in the primary education. The district was witnessing problems of declining gross enrolment rates, high wastage as a result of absenteeism, repetition and dropout rates. This has triggered debate over the causes of internal inefficiency. Thus there is need to investigate home based factors influencing internal efficiency in public primary schools. Therefore this study has investigated on the factors that influence internal efficiency in public primary schools in Gucha District. The objectives of the study were to establish whether household duties and child labour influence pupils’ performance in primary examinations, to determine how parents’ level of education influence pupils’ completion rate, to assess whether family structure and stability influence pupils’ absenteeism in primary schools and to establish the influence of family level of income on pupils’ dropout and access to primary education. The study used the descriptive survey design and purposive sampling techniques to select the schools and simple random sampling used to select class teachers and pupils involved in the study. A total of 12 public primary schools were selected for the study. The researcher used all the 12 head teachers from the 12 selected public primary schools, 2 class teachers in each school making a total of 24 class teachers and 12 pupils from each school making a total of 144 pupils. The researcher used the research instruments that were two different questionnaires for teachers (head teachers and class teachers) and pupils. Two schools were randomly selected for the pilot study. The researcher used the test re-test method which required only one testing session to determine the reliability of the instruments. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSSL) program and presented in tables, frequencies, percentages and charts. The analysis revealed several home based factors influencing internal efficiency in the provision of primary education in Gucha District. These factors are parental poverty levels, parental level of education, family structure and stability and household duties and child labor. The study found out that case of dropouts, absenteeism, repetition and poor performance are common in the district. The study found out that case of dropouts, absenteeism, repetition and poor performance are common in the district. Based on the findings the researcher recommended that the minister of education should enforce law against repetition to allow smooth transition, there is need to sensitize the community on the importance of education so that parents can develop positive attitudes towards education in order to send their children to school and poverty alleviation measures to be established in the society so as to enable more families get higher income. The suggestions for the study include; the need to replicate this study in other districts of the country, to carry out a similar study in private primary schools so as to scrutinize their internal efficiency and finally a similar study should be conducted incorporating parents and SMC members since they are determinants of a school’s internal efficiency.