Factors influencing head teachers’ establishment of Team work in management of public secondary Schools administration in Mbita District, Kenya
Head teachers to a large extent encounter a lot of administrative factors influencing team work in their schools. This is because they spend a greater part of their time handling issues from teachers, learners and parents. The purpose of this study was to survey factors influencing head teachers establishment of team work in management of public secondary schools. The study also sought to determine whether these factors hinder the head teachers from carrying out their administrative duties in order to encourage team work in schools. The study also sought to find out whether the head teachers administrative experience has effect in handling administrative factors. The literature review in this study was organized under the following sub-heading: planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting, and budgeting. Role of secondary school head teachers in establishing teamwork, factors influencing secondary schools, theoretical framework, basic mode of an open system, conceptual framework on team work in administration, what literature review intended to fill as gaps. The study utilized survey in design and the target population consisted of head teachers and teachers of public secondary schools in Mbita District. In this study one set of questionnaire was developed by the researcher as the research instrument. The questionnaire was divided into three parts. Part one consisted of demographic data of the respondents. Part two of the questionnaire consisted of questions about vi administrative factors influencing public secondary school head teachers. These questions were open ended. Part three of the questionnaire consisted of questions for the teachers and they were both open and closed ended questions. Thirty schools in Mbita District were used. Five of them were used for piloting while the rest were used for the study. Thirty head teachers and sixty teachers were given questionnaires to complete. The sample consisted of ninety respondents who completed and returned their questionnaires. The following are the findings of the research study: (i) All public secondary school head teachers in Mbita District are influenced by administrative factors and the most frequent occurring being finance and business management which is affecting team work. (ii) All public secondary school head teachers are influenced by the factors of frequent transfers of teachers without replacement which is affecting team work. (iii) The head teacher attitudes can affect establishment of team work in management of public secondary schools administration. This is if she or he does not follow his roles properly as a head teacher and when working in isolation with lack of consultation. (iv) Gender and age affect establishment of team work in the schools. (v) Job design influences establishment of teamwork. vii (vi) All public secondary schools in Mbita District have a problem of finding solutions to the factors influencing team work. The recommendations of the study are as follows:- 1. More teachers should be employed in order to ease the problem of lack of enough teachers so as to effect team work. 2. There should be intensification of seminars, workshops, refresher courses on financial management for the head teachers and their deputies so as to embrace team work. 3. There should be clear supervision and inspection schedule in all public secondary schools. The main purpose should be to advice the head teachers and teachers in order to improve performance in the schools and therefore this encourages team work. 4. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology should ensure that the grant –in aid given to the public secondary schools reach in time. This will help in solving the problem of unnecessary delays to buy necessary materials for the schools and therefore team work will be achieved. 5. The head teacher should struggle to get support from the community and parents in the area where the school is built. They should attempt to establish good relationship between the school and the community when they do this, it will encourage team work and hence development. 6. The parents should be enlightened on the importance of education in this country. This can be done through the mass media or chiefs barazas. This viii will bring about team work of teachers, parents, head teacher, community and students entire body working hard for the development of the school. The following areas are suggested for further research. (i) A study of the effects of the withdrawal of corporal punishment in public secondary schools. (ii) This research can be repeated in an urban set up because it was carried out in a rural environment. This will assist in knowing where team work is efficient. (iii) There is need to carryout a comparative study on the factors influencing secondary school head teachers and primary school head teachers towards establishment of team work in management and administration in their institutions of learning. (iv) There is need to research on the factors influencing public secondary school students towards working as a team with their teachers in the schools. (v) There is also need to research on the administrative factors experienced by female secondary school head teachers towards establishment of teamwork. (vi) There is need to research on the relationship between the qualification of the teachers and their leadership ability so as to carryout out teamwork.